Iron is a mineral and every person needs it to do their job and make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a red blood cell that carries oxygen to other parts of the body. If a child is deficient in iron, it is called anemia. This means that the body’s cells are not getting the right amount of oxygen, which causes the baby to turn yellow and feel weak, tired and irritable.
*Causes of iron deficiency or anemia in the body?
Children need constant iron to grow up, otherwise the body becomes deficient in iron. Children who do not eat iron-rich foods or whose body refuses to take iron have anemia.
*Possible causes of iron deficiency
That is, feeding 20 ounces or 570 milliliters or more of juice per day, that is, more than 4 ounces or 115 milliliters a day.
* Even after the age of two, bottle-fed babies are at higher risk of developing anemia.
* The child eats foods that are low in iron.
*Heme iron diet (easily absorbed)
Large meats (hamburgers, beef liver, corn beef, steak), small meats such as chicken, turkey (its meat is high in iron), fish (haddock, halibut, salmon, tuna), sausages, clams or oysters.
*Non Heme Iron (Hardly Absorbed)
Iron-containing formula or cereals, wheat cream, porridge, iron-rich breakfast cereals, beans, kabali gram, lentils, cooked beans (inside cans), oven-baked potatoes (including peels), dried fruits , Dried apricots, dried figs, fruits, prune juice, high quality pasta, high quality rice, hard tofu, jaggery juice, black stripe, broccoli, spinach.
Iron is found in animal and plant foods. Iron obtained from animals is called heme iron. Plant-derived iron is called non-heme iron. Our bodies are able to absorb heme iron better than non-heme iron.
*Acquisition of iron in different age groups
Newborns: Breast milk keeps babies from anemia from 4 to 6 months of age, after which babies need iron from other sources, such as iron-rich cereals and meat. If you have decided to bottle-feed your baby, give him iron-fed milk until he is one year old.
Don’t use low iron milk. These formulas do not contain enough iron to meet a child’s iron needs. It is important to make sure that the baby is getting adequate amounts of iron, especially babies who have been breastfed for six months, giving them meat and iron-rich cereals as their first dose. Get started.
Continue the iron serial that will be started at the age of six months till the age of 2 years. Meat is the best source of iron, more meat means more iron. If you like to give your child a vegetarian diet, give him medium or hard tofu, peas, lentils and beans.
Babies and newborns: Babies who drink a lot of milk or juice suffer from anemia. To provide more iron to children over the age of two, take the following steps:
* Release the baby bottle and start feeding from the cup.
* Do not give more than two cups of milk a day, ie 16 ounces or 450 ml.
* Eat a diet rich in iron every day.
*How can iron deficiency be met?
It is important to give your child a supplement (ferrous sulfate) to treat iron deficiency, which requires consulting a pediatrician. If iron supplement is given with vitamin C, it is digested quickly or it should be given on an empty stomach. If given with food, its effect is reduced. Iron supplement should not be given with milk or anything made from milk.
*How to avoid iron deficiency?
Do not give babies more than two cups of cow’s milk (16 ounces or 450 ml) daily. Half a cup of juice to one cup daily (4 to 8 ounces). Give daily beef, goat meat, dark turkey or liver, kidney, etc. Serial, double bread, rice, pasta, with the words ‘Enriched’ or ‘Fortified’ written on it, give daily. You can also provide the following items:
Serve stressful fruits (malt, grapefruit, tomato) with foods that increase iron intake, for example, malt juice with burgers, malt squeezed on top of meat, chicken with broccoli, spaghetti, With meatballs and tomato sauce, use the water that comes out of beans or peas in cans or cans in soups, curries or stews.
Sprinkle dried fruits (raisins, prawns, dates, apricots) on the cereal and feed the fruits mixed with cereal for lunch, sweet and hot milk. Mix large meat in tomato and pasta sauce, cook large meat in macaroni and cheese. Whole-wheat double bread and cereal, wheat cream and wheat porridge, use water between meals and snacks.